Swindon and Wiltshire Neurological Alliance

Helping improve the lives of those affected by neurological conditions in Swindon & Wiltshire



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What is Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral Palsy is a condition that affects movement, posture and co-ordination caused by the immature brain receiving an injury or not developing properly. Causes can be multiple and complex and sometimes there is no obvious single reason as to the cause of CP. Possible causes include:

• The mother or the baby having an infection in early pregnancy

• Difficult or premature birth

• Cerebral (brain) bleed or abnormal development of baby's brain
• A genetic link (however, this is quite rare)There are three main

  types of cp, although most people will have a combination of the

  different types

•  Spastic cerebral palsy - most common form. The muscles are

  stiff and have limited range of movements

•  Athetoid or Dyskinetic cerebral palsy - involuntary movements as

  muscle tone changes from floppy to tense. May also experience

  difficulty with hearing and speech.

•  Ataxic cerebral palsy - balance is difficult with uncoordinated

  movements affecting the whole body. May have shaky hands and

  irregular speech. In some people, cerebral palsy is barely

  noticeable. Others will be more severely affected. No two people

  with cerebral palsy are the same.

Incidence and prevalence
The widely accepted figure for people with cerebral palsy (CP) in the general population is one in four hundred (1:400) or 2 - 2.5 per thousand live births. This equates to approximately 113,510 people with CP in the UK, based on approximately 1800 children being born with CP each year and a UK projected population (in the 2001 census) of 61,269000. It is generally accepted that CP is the most prevalent physical impairment amongst children. Extreme caution has to be applied to any data on cerebral palsy.



Cerebral Palsy


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Cerebral Palsy cannot be 'cured' but early support and therapeutic intervention can help with development and the effects of CP upon the muscles and motor control. Most people with CP will require intervention from a number of professionals throughout life including:

Social Services
•  GP
•  Paediatricians and specialist consultants e.g.
•  Orthopaedic Surgeons,
•  Neurologists,
•  Physiotherapists,
•  Occupational Therapy
•  Speech and Language Therapists
•  Respite and Domiciliary Care
•  Specialist Carers
•  Scope

Local Contacts

National Contacts

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