Swindon and Wiltshire Neurological Alliance

Helping improve the lives of those affected by neurological conditions in Swindon & Wiltshire

 

 

Home Fact Sheets News Contact Us Local Links

Ataxia-Telangiectasia

What isTelangiectasia?

Ataxia-telangiectasia is a rare, childhood neurological disorder that causes degeneration in the part of the brain that controls motor movements and speech. Its most unusual symptom is an acute sensitivity to ionizing radiation, such as X-rays or gamma-rays. The first signs of the disease, which include delayed development of motor skills, poor balance, and slurred speech, usually occur during the first decade of life.

 

Telangiectasia (tiny, red "spider" veins), which appear in the corners of the eyes or on the surface of the ears and cheeks, are characteristic of the disease, but are not always present and generally do not appear in the first years of life. About 20% of those with A-T develop cancer, most frequently acute lymphocytic leukaemia or lymphoma.

 

Many individuals with A-T have a weakened immune system, making them susceptible to recurrent respiratory infections. Other features of the disease may include mild diabetes mellitus, premature graying of the hair, difficulty swallowing, and delayed physical and sexual development. Children with A-T usually have normal or above normal intelligence.

Treatment
There is no cure for A-T and, currently, no way to slow the progression of the disease. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Physical and occupational therapy may help maintain flexibility. Speech therapy may also be needed. Gamma-globulin injections may be given to help supplement a weakened immune system. High-dose vitamin regimens may also be used.

Alzheimer's disease is a physical disease affecting the brain. During the course of the disease, plagues' and ‘tangles' develop in the structure of the brain, leading to the death of brain cells.

 

Name of Group

 

TBC

 

Short description

 

TBC

 

Contact Details

 

TBC

 

 

Name of Group

 

 

TBC

 

Web Address

TBC

 

Contact Details

 

TBC

 

Local Contact::

National Contact::

Print Version

Alzheimers n.pdf

Large Print Version

©Copyright Swindon and Wiltshire Neurological Alliance